O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME 8

MARCH 6-8, 1862.--Battle of Pea Ridge, or Elkhorn Tavern, Ark.

No. 20. -- Report of Col. Julius White, Thirty.seventh Illinois Infantry, commanding Second Brigade


HEADQUARTERS SECOND BRIGADE, THIRD DIVISION,

Camp on Sugar Creek, Arkansas, March 11, 1862.

GENERAL: In obedience to your order, received at about 1 p.m. of the 7th instant, this command, consisting of the Thirty-seventh Illinois Volunteers, the Fifty-ninth Illinois Volunteers (late Ninth Missouri), and the Peoria Light Artillery, in all about 950 men, took position in front of the enemy near Leetown. The force we encountered consisted of the Third Louisiana, Colonel Hebert, a regiment formerly commanded by General Mcintosh, Colonel Mitchell's and Colonel McRae's two regiments of Arkans

Capt. C. V. Dickinson, of the Thirty-seventh, and Capt. Clayton Hale, <ar8_254> of the Fifty-ninth, who by virtue of seniority filled the places of Majors Black and Post respectively, discharged the duties devolving upon them with great gallantry and efficiency.

Adjts. Anton Nieman, of the Thirty-seventh, and Samuel West, of the Fifty-ninth, and all the officers of the line, without exception, deserve the highest praise. Not one flinched or shrank from his duty; in fact, the same may be said of all the non-commissioned officers and privates.

The Peoria Light Artillery company, under the command of Capt. Peter Davidson, deserves honorable mention. Although not brought into action until late in the day, their fire was delivered with precision and great effect, all the officers and men of that command displaying the utmost firmness and efficiency.

Our loss was as follows:(*)

Command Killed Wounded.
THIRTY-SEVENTH ILLINOIS,
LIEUT. COL. MYRON & BANRES.
Officers 1 8
Non-commissioned officers and privates                20                                                        104
Total 21 112
FIFTY-NINTH ILLINOIS
LIEUT. COL. C. H. FREDERICK.
Officers 2
Non-commissioned officers and privates 14 49
Total 14 51
PEORIA LIGHT ARTILLERY,
CAPT. PETER DAVIDSON.
Officers
Non.commissioned officers and privates 5
Total 5

All our wounded have been attended to by Asst. Surg. E. A. Clark, of the Thirty-seventh, and Maynard, of the Fifty-ninth, in the most assiduous manner. Their skill and zeal in the discharge of their responsible position is highly commendable.

Report of the engagement of the 8th instant.

On the morning of the 8th instant I took position in front of the enemy, our right resting on the Springfield road, three companies supporting the battery of the Peoria Light Artillery on the extreme right, and the remainder of the brigade to the left in an open field, with no shelter from the enemy's batteries but a rail fence. Our battery, by direction, opened fire the first of the day upon the woods in front, where a portion of the enemy's infantry were discovered in the act of forming their l

The quartermasters of both regiments--Captain Peck of the Thirty-seventh, and Brasher, of the Fifty-ninth, and Brigade Quartermaster S. M. Jones and Brigade Commissary A.D. Baker---have during the three days of the enemy's presence discharged their duties promptly and efficiently; their several departments, so essential to the welfare of troops, having always been in order. <ar8_256>

Our loss during the action of the 8th was as follows:

Command                                  Killed.                               Wounded.
37th Illinois                                                    6
Davidson's battery.                                            12
Total                                  18

RECAPITULATION.
Command    Killed. Wounded.
37th Illinois (March 7) 21 112
37th Illinois (March 8). 6
Total 21 118
59th Illinois (March 7) 14 51
59th Illinois (March 8)
Total 14                                               51
Peoria Light Artillery (March 7)       5
Peoria Light Artillery (March 8) 12
Total 17
Grand total 35 186

I close this report with my warmest thanks to you, general: for the wisdom, firmness, and ability with which the movements of my command have been directed by yourself and for your kindness to my wounded.

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JULIUS WHITE,

Col. Thirty-seventh Ill. Vols., Comdg. Second Brig., Third Div.

Actg. Brig. Gen. JEFFERSON C. DAVIS,

Commanding Third Division.