"He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names". Psalm 147:4 KJV
"And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel". Gen3:15 KJV It's this kind of language which we find used for the ancient names of the stars dating back to at least the time of the Book of Job.
"Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. John12:24
The Virgo constellation agrees with Jesus being the incorruptible seed which was planted in the womb and in the tomb, so the new birth would produce sons and daughters.
Orion the hunter has a notable star in his left foot, "Rigel", which means in Arabic 'the foot of him that crushes', and another even brighter in his right shoulder named Betelgeuz "coming of the branch", sometimes called beetle-juice.
People don't study the stars like they used to in the ancient days before city lights and smog kept us from seeing clearly. They're thought provoking too, in that everything seems to be going West, and we realize it's because the Earth is turning East.
These days we may have to leave the cities and towns and go to places like the Grand Canyon of Arizona or way out to sea, to observe the breathtaking beauty of the heavens.Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof. Psalm 19:1-6 KJV
Starlight, starbright, first star I've seen tonight..
Wish I may, wish I might, have the wish I wish tonight!
"Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion? Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide ARCTURUS with his sons"? Job38:31 KJV
"The Witness of the Stars" by E.W.Bullinger, ca 1890, expounds on how the coming of Christ was foretold in the names of those stars in the days prior to when written language began; that the names of those stars (in the Zodiac/Mazzaroth) had cognate meanings as in Virgo the Virgin for the virgin Mary, and Leo the Lion for the "Lion of the Tribe of Judah", Rev5:5.
Like the 12 tribes, the 12 apostles, and the 12 hours in a Day (John11:9), the 12 ZODIAC constellations..
Aquarius the water-bearer: * 1 * The "Water of the Word"
Pisces the fishes: * 2 * be ye fishers of men..
Aries the Ram: * 3 * the Lamb of God!
Taurus the Bull * 4 * Breeding from heaven!
Gemini the twins * 5 * Jacob and Esau
Cancer the Crab * 6 * our 'Goliath' is sickness..
Leo the Lion * 7 * of the Tribe of Judah
Virgo the Virgin * 8 * Christ "formed in her"..
Libra the Scales * 9 * of Justice will prevail
Scorpius the Scorpion * 10 * Death where is thy sting? 1Cor15:55
Sagittarius the Archer * 11 * Flaming Arrows Eph6:16 NIV..
and Capricornus the Goat * 12 * Our 'scape-goat Jesus!
..may be arranged in three 'books' of four and without any distinction as to the beginning or ending. (a 13th constellation, named Ophiuchus,is sometimes included) Our Solar System (Sun, Moon, Earth, and Planets) is surrounded by many millions of stars in all directions and light-years beyond the distance to the sun, but these Zodiac Constellations have been given mostly "animal figures" [Libra the Scales an exception] which date back thousands of years and can still be seen today in museums and historical archives. Its more extensive than first appears, because each of the 12 major constellations is accompanied by 3 others; making a total of 48 constellations altogether.
"To whom then will ye liken me, or shall I be equal? saith the Holy One. Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth". Isa40:25 KJV
Amos5:8 "Seek him that maketh the Seven Stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is his name".
"Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King". Ps48:2 KJV
Zodiac - (Heb: Mazzaroth, Job38:32)Like a gigantic clock in the heavens, these twelve major constellations occupy about 30 degrees each in the eliptic circle, and act like a calendar in the sky for the astronomers who know them by their Arabic names, and from their ancient picture ‘figures'.
Bullinger had an interesting concept of how these may be compared to the 12 Tribes and perhaps follow the Marching Order outlined in Numbers chapter two, where Judah "goes first" in leading them on their way. If true, the flags (ensigns) flown by those four camps may have looked something like the four faces in Ezekiel 1:10."As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle". Ezek 1:10
AQUARIUS - The water-bearer, because water is a metaphor of the words from heaven, and today people travel great distances after "holy water" for their healing or well being.Jesus spoke of following "the man with the water pitcher", Mk14:13, Lk22:10, so Aquarius the water bearer constellation might be worth considering.. and He also said in John 7:38 "He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.(But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.) Compare to the "pure river of water of Life" in Rev22:1.
PISCES - The fishes, because many are the fish and we're called to be "fishers of men" whether you were born in any certain month or not. The Constellation pictures two fish at right angles to each other and joined with a band near The Chained Woman Andromeda. also Cepheus the king (branch) coming to rule. .."for that the dream was doubled unto Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass". Gen41:32 KJV - 2Covenants of Galatians 4:24
ARIES - The Lamb, or Ram in the bush used as sacrifice in place of Isaac, and as a precept of how Jesus would be OUR perfect sacrifice. Other stars are in Cassiopeia, Cetus, and Perseus. ARIES has no bright stars itself, but often heads the list of the Zodiac Constellations,even though nobody really seems sure of where the circular ecliptic ring actually begins or ends, or whether it has any true calendar connection.
Since these Zodiac figures are arranged in a circle, there is no defined beginning or end; but to list them forces the issue. The sphinx in Egypt has the head of a woman and body of a Lion: Could that be a clue, maybe?
TAURUS - The Bull (Messiah coming to rule) features ORION the Hunter, Aldebaran, and the star-cluster Pleiades (7 sisters) - Light breaking forth in the person of the redeemer Jesus who declares Himself the Light of the World. Auriga the Shepherd features Capella as the 5th brightest star in the heavens. "Light BE": Not incandescent or fluorescent, but a kind of awareness light which comes forth by SPEAKING! Life and Death in the power of the tongue! Prov18:21 Betelgeuse, Rigel, and Bellatrix are notable stars in the familiar Orion Constellation with its three spaced stars in the belt. Job9:9 KJV "Which maketh Arcturus [Big Dipper], Orion, and Pleiades [7 sisters], and the chambers of the south".
GEMINI - Notable Twins from the Bible are Esau/Jacob (Gen25:24) and Zarah/Pharez (Gen38:30). The twins Castor and Pollux are featured in Acts 28:11 as the name of a ship. The brightest star in the heavens is SIRIUS in the constellation of Canis Major(Big Dog) and possibly the star Jesus refers to in Rev22:16 even tho Venus normally is favored. Other nearby Stars are in Lepus the hare, and Procyon in Canis Minor ('little dog'). A bright"winter triangle" is formed by Procyon, Sirius, and Betelgeuse. Only five planets: Venus, Jupiter, Mars, Saturn, and Mercury are able to outshine the 'bigdog-star'.
CANCER - the Crab, plus Ursa Major and Minor (big and little bear) and ARGO the ship. Today we call them the big and little Dipper -- the two stars at the outside of the big Dipper cup point to POLARIS the North Star; a valuable aid for sailors and navigators even though it isn't as bright as other stars. By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent. Job26:13 This reference in Job is thought to apply to the Draco the dragon constellation. About 4000 years ago, the star Thuban (snake) was the North Star. Since then, precession of the Earth's axis has changed where the North Pole points, so the North Star is now Polaris. Thousands of years from now, they say, the North Star will be Vega.
LEO - the Lion of Tribe of Judah, Rev5:5, and nearby is Hydra the serpent, Crater the CUP, and Corvus the Raven or Crow. Regulus the brightest star in this 'reverse question-mark' constellation. 'Malikiyy' in Arabic (Kingly) in Greece as "Star of the King"; Many lion stories in the Bible include Daniel in the lions den, and in 1Kings 13:26: .."It is the man of God, who was disobedient unto the word of the LORD: therefore the LORD hath delivered him unto the lion, which hath torn him, and slain him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake unto him". ..and Samson's Riddle of the honey from the lion, Judg14:14.
VIRGO - the virgin is pictured with a branch in one hand and an ear of corn in the other; Jesus was the incorruptible seed planted for the purpose of raising holy sons and daughters. The star SPICA, in Virgo, is a binary blue-giant and said to be the 15th brightest star in the heavens. Other nearby stars include COMA the desired, BOOTES the branch (includes the golden-red giant ARCTURUS: 4th brightest star,), and CENTAURUS the 2-part man/horse creature.
LIBRA - the Scales(maybe of justice?) This Zodiac Name includes others named: CRUX - (the Southern Cross isn't visible from the U.S.), and LUPUS the victim, and CORONA the crown of life.. Many "crowns" in the Bible. The Arabic names given to these stars may illustrate how the ancients were thinking in those days. - Libra is the only Constellation not representing a living creature.
SCORPIO - The SCORPION (Al Akrab in Arabic: meaning 'wounding him that cometh') has ANTARES as the alpha or brightest star. Nearby (and present today) is the man 'Ophiuchus'who is wrestling Serpens (the serpent) while his heel is under attack by the Scorpion. Remembering the Bible stories of 4-faces in Ezek and Rev, or of how Jacob grabs the heel of 1st born Esau leads to considering how these heavenly scenes may have been a catalyst leading to Greek mythology.
SAGITTARIUS - The Archer (portrayed as a Centaur: half man, half horse) so often ridiculed by those who don't believe or understand the Bible. Jesus is both MAN and GOD! Two Natures! and WE become New Creatures! Psalm 127:4 As arrows are in the hand of a mighty man; so are children of the youth. Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them: they shall not be ashamed, but they shall speak with the enemies in the gate.
CAPRICORNUS - The Goat (or 'scape goat) who took the blame upon himself. Leviticus 16:8 "And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat". In the ancient Zodiacs of Denderah and Esneh in Egypt, the dying goat is pictured with a vibrant fish tail; as like how we become New Creatures in Christ Jesus. Al Tair, in the Eagle (Aquila) Constellation, is a 1st magnitude star meaning "the wounded" in Arabic.
Ophiuchus - A 13th Zodiac Constellation which is not always mentioned, but follows Scorpius in the heavens: (Nov 30th to Dec 17th). Those who promote astrology consider how birthdates may affect a persons destiny or personality (but that practice is not in accord with the Bible and may be harmful in the long haul).
View from Arizona. Depending on your latitude and longitude the stars may look a bit different, but here's a report from an avid astronomy hobbyist that I heard from late in January: quote "Speaking of the stars, last night I could see Taurus & the Pleides & Orion high and to the west, Arcturus & Sirius shining brightly, and Leo rising in the east. This morning, Venus was the "morning star"...very bright...with Scorpio coming up and Ophiuchus standing on top of him. Really beautiful! God sure is great to have put all that up there for us...not only beautiful, but it encourages us of the victory we have received. Bodacious!"
"I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel"...Numb 24:17
The Old Testament warns: "Lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven". Deut4:19
and "There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch". Deut18:10 KJV
"He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names". Ps147:4Yes, God named them, but how did they come to be known by mankind? The Bible doesn't say, but they may have been given to those early generations leading to Noah and his 3 sons, or possibly to the Babylonian "wisemen".
The Star of Bethlehem This star, recorded only in Matthew's Gospel, (2:2-10) was once thought to be a conjunction of planets, like maybe Venus and Jupiter coming together in the heavens, but astronomers have been unable to find any occurence like this in the history of the heavens and now many believe the star pointing the way for the wisemen and announcing the birth of Jesus was a special star just for that time.
"I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star. Sirius, maybe? Rev22:16 He's also the BREAD,the 'Living' Water, the Light of the World, the ROCK, the TRUTH, the RESURRECTION, and a heap of other metaphors and symbols for the Son of God!
The little Book of Jude, the sixty-fifth book, speaks of "the wandering stars" -- probably a reference to the planets which appear to our eyes no different than stars, but they're actually much closer to us, and following the same ecliptic path as the sun and moon.
"These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots; Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever". Jude 1:12
"And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also". Gen1:14 Joel 2:31 "The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the LORD come".
Eclipses of the sun and moon, and the always changing alignment of planets in our solar system, has been known to astronomers down through the ages.
"While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease. And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth". Gen8:22 KJV
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Christian Prayer / Revelation / 12 Apostles / Solomon's Temple / Numbers