Two Kingdoms!The Biblical Books of the Kings and Chronicles record this history; primarily concerning the conflict between the Kingdom
of Judah and the Kingdom of Israel, but also skirmishing with other kings in the region. All the details about so many different kings in the Old Testament cause us to
wonder if this is indeed a word from God.
The first king of Israel was Saul. It seemed that God didn't want them to have a king at all,
1Sam8:7,because it meant they wanted to be "just like everybody else". Even so, God told the Prophet Samuel to anoint
Saul as this first King of Israel. We might call him a 'reluctant king' because he "hid amongst the stuff", 1Sam10:22. (In modern times, people say 'it's personal' and aren't willing to speak up).
Apparently he looked the part because he was "a head taller than others", but disobedience cost him the kingdom. 1Chr10:13 Beware of those
who tell you this is strictly Old Testament and doesn't apply to us today. It's a PRECEPT, and now God would have any of us to be "Kings & Priests", so you despise
your birthright at your own peril!
The second king of Israel was David; youngest of the sons of Jesse, who was also a musician, and author of many of the Psalms. He reigned
seven years in Hebron, and thirty-three years in Jerusalem, and it was during his reign that Israel acquired the greatest geographical territory.
God said: "I have found David, son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfill all my will". Acts13:22 Thus began the Royal Dynasty of 22 KINGS of the 'House of David'.
The third king of Israel was Solomon, the second-born son of David and Bathsheba, who is credited with
writing the Proverbs, the Song-of-Solomon, and Ecclesiastes. He is best known for building the first House-of-God, the Temple of Jerusalem, with the materials provided him by David.
Solomon is LITERALLY the son of David, and now is known for his wisdom and wealth and many wives and concubines.
|"The time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years." 1K11:42
|"David was 30 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 40 years" 2Sam5:4
|"God gave unto them Saul..a man of the Tribe of Benjamin, by the space of 40 years" Acts13:21
40 - 40 - 40Following the period of the Kings, these three(3) kings reigned over ALL ISRAEL, all of the tribes, for 120 years.
40 years each. Then their kingdom divided, with ten tribes going to the North headed up by a "King of Israel", and two of the tribes (Judah & Benjamin) going South under the "King of Judah".
Not counting the Levites, apparently. 1K12
Kings of Judah, Southern Kingdom, 2 tribes
This is the kingdom of father-to-son generations leading from
Solomon to the carrying to Babylon. After the Northern Kingdom was carried away by the Assyrians, this kingdom continued in Jerusalem until they were
carried away to their seventy (70) years in Babylon, as prophesied by Jeremiah 25:11. Yes, of course, the kings in this column were all born into the Tribe of Judah.#6, #16: Jehoahaz
#1 - Rehoboam the ONLY son of Solomon, 17yrs.
#2 - Abijam or Abijah 3yrs.
#3 - Asa 41 yrs,diseased feet
#4 - Jehoshaphat 25yrs.
#5 - Jehoram 8yrs.
#6 - * Ahaziah or Jehoahaz1 yr, 2Chr21:17
Queen Athaliah 6yrs dau of Jezebel 2K11:3dau of Omri 2K8:26wife to Jehoram
#7 - * Joash 40 yrs, 2Chr24:1
#8 - * Amaziah 29yrs,2Chr24:27
#9 - Uzziah or Azariah52yrs, 2K15:1
#10 - Jotham 16yrs, 2K15:33
#11 - Ahaz 16yrs, 2K16:2
#12 - Hezekiah 29yrs.Began age 25 - Sundial
#13 - Manasseh 55yrs. RoundTrip toBabylon
#14 - Amon 2yrs. *assasinated
#15 - Josiah 31 yrs. lost book
#16 = Jehoahaz 3 mos.
#17 - * Jehoiakim 11 yrs.2K23:30 aka Eliakim
#18 - Jeconiah or Jehoiachin or Coniah 2K24:6, 3mos.
#19 - Zedekiah - 11yrs. NOT Jeconiah's son and NOT in the pedigree of Jesus.
* These four are omitted in Matthew chapter one.
Total years = 393 and 3 mos.
Kings of Israel,
Northern Kingdom, 10 tribes
This is the mostly wicked kingdom which eventually is conquored by Assyria and carried away into all the world
with no record of ever returning, even though all tribes seem to be present during the time of Christ.
The two kingdoms are called "sisters" in Jer3:8.
#1 - Jeroboam of Ephraim,22 yrs, 2 gold calves
#2 - Nadab 1K15:25, 2yrs
#3 - Baasha tribe of Issachar,24yrs.
#4 - Elah 1K16:8, 2yrs
#5 - Zimri 7 days/Tirzah
#6 - Omri 12yrs. builtSamaria
#7 - Ahab 22yrs. Jezebel/Elijah
#8 - Ahaziah son of Ahab1K22:40,2yrs
#9 - Jehoram 12yrs,2K3:1aka Joram
#10 - Jehu 28yrs in Samaria
#11 - Jehoahaz 2K10:35,17yrs.
#12 - Jehoash or Joash, 16yrs.
#13 - Jeroboam-II41 yrs.same name
#14 - Zachariah 6 mos.
#15 - Shallum 1 month
#16 - Menahem 10 yrs.
#17 - Pekahiah 2 yrs.
#18 - Pekah 20 yrs.,2K15:27
#19 - Hoshea 9 yrs.
"In the 9th year of Hoshea the King of Assyria took Samaria
and carried Israel away into Assyria.." 2K17:6
This Kingdom of Israel was conquored and carried away during the time that Hezekiah
was the ruling King of Judah. 2K18:10.
The Kingdom of Judah was carried away to Babylon during the reigns of Coniah and of Zedekiah, but would be returning after 70 years, Daniel said,
and that's exactly what happened! Daniel 9:2.
Total years = 241 + 7mos, 7day
|...This kind of study can be very confusing because of the multiple names and different spelling. For example, there are five Jehoshaphat's
in the Bible (2 of them involved in this study) and two or more named Jehoahaz, Jeroboam, Ahaziah, and Jehoram. TYPO? Absalom's "forty years": 2Sam15:7 - "And it came to pass after forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the LORD, in Hebron". This is the only place in the Bible where "after forty years" is found; similar to the way "after forty days" is found only in Numbers 13:25. Forty Days or forty months for Absalom is more likely; or maybe after Absalom was 40yrs. old. Another "stumbling stone" - Was Jeconiah 8 or 18? 2K24:8, 2Chr36:9. *(1Pet2:8, Isa8:14)
Probably both; split reigns IAW Jer28:4.
Compare Hezekiah with Josiah..
2Kings18:5 "Hezekiah trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him".
2Kings23:25 "And like unto Josiah was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him".
Hezekiah Passover: Likened to the days of Solomon: 2Chr30:26
Josiah Passover: Likened to the days of Samuel: 2Chr35:18
These two seem especially notable for having wicked sons.
THRONE OF DAVID:
"Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man [Jeconiah] childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah". Jer22:30. Jeconiah was also known as Coniah and Jehoiachin. He had reigned as king for 3 months, but was only eight years old when carried to Babylon, where his son Assir and grandson Salathiel were born. 1Chr3:17 KJV. He was the last of the nineteen(19) father-to-son generations (Rehoboam-to-Jeconiah) to be a King of Judah. Jeconiah's 'seed' wouldn't prosper--wouldn't ascend to the throne--because the line of 'father-to-son' Kings of Judah ended with their being carried away to Babylon for seventy years. Luke 1:32 "He (Jesus) shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end".
Saul, Jehoahaz#16, and Zedekiah were three kings who were NOT in the pedigree of Jesus.
Years earlier, in Samuel's time (1Sam15:33), Agag's mother became 'childless',by reason of the death of Agag. So it didn't mean his mother never had children.
Similarly, in the case of Jeconiah, after losing his crown he apparently grew up and had a son in Babylon. "And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal". 1Sam15:33. So the "childlessness" of Coniah meant that the father-to-son kings of Judah had finally ended.
We're focused on the Kingly Line here as well as the dynastic reign, but different from the father-to-son succession of the "Generations".