GOSPEL, from godspell (gud/good) and (spell out a tale), meaning "to tell the good news of Jesus of Nazareth", as told by the four witnesses: Matthew, Mark, Luke, & John; who wrote their testimony of the things they saw and heard; being led by the Holy Spirit to do so (2Pet1:21) and whose writings have been handed down from generation to generation over a period of about 2,000 years.The framers of our Constitution never referred directly to the "God of the Bible", though it was clearly the source of their religious fervor in those days. Because of disputes over which books belonged, they might have identified the 'God of the Four Gospels', seeing as how the four make reference to many of the Old Testament books. In hindsight, the omission has led to an acceptance of some strange gods for sure.Each one of the four begin differently, and are believed by many to be likened to four different audiences, or the four Marching Leaders of Israel, or even the four Rivers in the Garden of Eden.None of the original texts are in existence today; we have only copies of copies, and many scraps or portions of "scripture" to support these gospels. A 5th gospel (usually by Peter or Barnabus) is sometimes spoken of, and the Gospel of Matthew thought to have been written in Aramaic as well as Greek, but so many years have elapsed it isn't possible to know for sure.
God is a Fountain of Water, Jer2:13, and When the 4 Rivers of Genesis 2:11 are compared to the 4 Gospels: Pison for Matthew, Gihon for Mark, Tigris for Luke, and Euphrates for John, then it should be noted how the Tigris and Euphrates are known today, perhaps like the writers of Luke and John wrote more books, like continuing the flow. Amen? The 'Synoptic Gospels' (Matthew, Mark, Luke) are acknowledged as such because of their different style compared to John's Gospel with the numerous metaphors, and the Jesus prophecies of the Holy Spirit.
Our present day calendar [Gregorian] in the USA is based on the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem about 2,000 years ago. -- ‘ano domini’ is Latin for ‘Year of Our Lord” and usually abbreviated A.D. although the recent practice uses “Christian Era” or BCE (before CE) instead.
We recommend the older dictionaries (pre 1960) when checking for meanings. The newer dictionaries are double trouble because they omit Biblical references, but add profane and obscene words more suitable for the thriving 'adult' bookstore arena.
|Begins w Genealogy of Jesus 'Son of David'||Begins w John-Baptist baptizing in the Jordan||Begins re Priest Zacharias and barren wife Elisabeth.||Begins with Jesus as "The Word" from "The Beginning".|
|28 chapters: for Jews..?||16 chapters: hurried style||24 chapters: for Gentiles..?||21 chapts: many metaphors|
|Sermon on the Mount: Ch5||Fig Tree w/o fruit: Ch.11||70 in pairs, Ch.10||Living Bread, Ch.6|
|Jesus walks on water: 14:25||Swine go over cliff: 5:13||Good Samaritan, 10:33||Mary,Martha,Lazarus 11:2|
|Wheat/Tares, Ch.13||Teach Parables, 4:2,13||Sower of Seed, Ch.8||Corn of Wheat, 12:24|
|Whale's Belly: 12:40||Son of David: 12:35||Ten Lepers: 17:12||Footwashing: 13:5|
|House on the Rock, 7:25||Syrophenician Woman 7:26||"TEMPTATIONS", 4:4||Woman at the Well, Ch4|
|Church of Jesus: 16:18||Two Commandments: 12:30||Prodigal Son: 15:11||Receive the Holy Ghost, 20:22|
|Call no man 'father', 23:9||Speak in tongues: 16:17||Calvary crucifixion: 23:33||Golgotha crucifixion: 19:17|
|Wise-Foolish Virgins: 25:2||Olivet Discourse - 13:3||Continual in Temple: 24:53|
|When they were come to the place called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. Lk23:33|
|27:37 And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 27:38 Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.||And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. Mk 15:27||19:18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him on either side [one] and Jesus in the midst. 19:19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.||19:32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. 19:33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:|
All three of the synoptics write about the Cross being carried by Simon the Cyrenian, and only the Gospel of John writes of him "bearing his cross". Jesus had earlier spoken of 'bearing a cross' in a figurative vein, so it's entirely possible that's what John meant. All three of the synoptics record at length the story of the Sower and the Seed (Mark 4, Luke 8, Matthew 13), but John only mentions briefly in 12:24 about a kernel dying.
All three of the synoptics (but not John), tell of why New Wine requires New Bottles -- Jesus still does his 1st Miracle of changing spiritual water to New Wine and this factors into why we become New Creatures following Baptism.
All three of the synoptics write of the hypothetical question posed to Jesus by the Sadducees; about a woman who had 7 husbands. Based on the story of Judah and Tamar in Gen38, no doubt, and Jesus told them they were wrong concerning marriage in heaven.
The BridegroomAll four gospels write about a husband of the bride, a Biblical principle of marriage which is in much dispute these days. Because Adam's Bride 'Eve' seems to have been created in a special way for Adam's need, we should take time to consider whether the 2nd Adam 'Jesus' will be accorded a 'Bride of Christ' from the Christian Church, or maybe from The Nations. You think?
A precept for this comes from Genesis where Abraham sent his servant to seek a wife for his son 'Isaac', and Rebekah is chosen after she offers to water the camels. Similarly, Ruth becomes bride to Boaz after she elects to glean ONLY in his fields! The account of the Holy Spirit as a dove descending on Jesus is also found in all four gospels, although John leaves out the part about a voice speaking from heaven.
The account of three temptations of Jesus comes only from Matthew-4 and Luke-4, and includes the 4:4 verse in BOTH books about "not living by bread alone, but by every word from God". This could be just an amazing 'coincidence', maybe? Or perhaps a distraction from noticing how the order of the three differs..
Matthew gives the order as: 1) change stones into bread, 2) jump down from tall bldg. 3) reward for devil worship. Luke has the same #1, but reverses the order of the last two.
THREE(3) SERMONS -- 1. ON THE MOUNT / 2. ON THE PLAIN / 3. AT THE BEACH
PROBABLY THERE WERE A LOT MORE, AND MAYBE EVEN ON OTHER TERRAIN, BUT THE ONE ON THE MOUNT HAS BEEN PUBLICIZED TO THE EXCLUSION OF THE OTHERS. Jesus probably said many of the same things over and over again in different places and settings.
Matthew 13 includes one of the "seaside" sermons, expounding on seven (7) parables.
Matthew 5:1 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying; [followed by the beattitudes..] The "Mountain of Blessing" of Deut27:12 comes to mind..
Mark 4:1 And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land.
Luke 6:17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases.
Gen41:32 "And for that the dream was doubled unto Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass."
Matthew and John (but not Mark or Luke) were members of "The Twelve" apostles of Jesus. Luke and John (but not Matthew or Mark) wrote other books in addition to their Gospels.NEW NAMES: Of the four Gospel authors, two were members of the twelve apostles (Matthew, John) and two came later (Mark, Luke). None of these exact names are found in the Old Testament -- all four are New Names beginning in the Gospels.
Matthew's Gospel opens with the many names in the genealogy of Jesus and includes more references to the Old Testament than any of the other three. It is famous for The Sermon on the Mount, chapt.5, and the seven parables of chapt.13 Matthew 24 and Luke 21 (Mk13 too) are notable for their "Last Days" repertoire, termed the "Olivet Discourse" because it was on the Mount of Olives where it happened. Jesus' anger at the money changers in the Temple (Matt2:15) most surely was a different occasion than we read in Matt 21:12, but these two(2) "Temple Cleansings" aren't usually acknowledged in contemporary religious circles.
Mark's Gospel is shorter than others (only 16 chapters) and his style is hurried. Notable here is the Woman with the issue of blood, Mk5; the Syrophenician mother, Mk7; the cursed fig tree of Mk eleven, and the notorious verses 17&18 of Mark's final chapter.. some deny these verses, saying they are missing from some manuscripts, but that notoriety may be the reason for why they are missing. (The same info is available elsewhere, but the passage here is in condensed form).
Luke "beloved physician", Col 4:14, is also the writer of the Book of Acts (they both call attention to [his friend?] Theophilus). Luke-3 records the pedigree of Mary's husband Joseph, (.."supposed" father of Jesus), and Luke-10 tells of the seventy evangelical disciples sent out by two's to spread the message of Jesus.
Luke himself (the author) was in Rome with the Apostle Paul according to 2Tim4:11
The Gospel of John uses many metaphors to describe Jesus (Word, Bread, Light, Vine, etc.) and relates miracles and teachings which are not often included in the Synoptic Gospels. John is credited with writing the three short epistles named for him, as well as the Book of the Apocrypha (Revelation).Interesting, I think, is the fact that the name "James" never occurs in brother John's Gospel.. (neither the name 'John' to be found in the Book of James).. ha. John's Gospel is the one which tells of God being a Spirit, 4:24, and of the coming of the Holy Spirit in chapters 14-16. Those who remember about GOD being the "I AM that I AM" may relate this to the many "I AM" declarations of Jesus in John's Gospel.
Jesus was clearly referring to a metaphoric cross (a figure of speech) when he said: "He that taketh not his cross and follow after me, is not worthy of me". Mt10:38. This was written long before Calvary, so it was the figurative cross He spoke of, and all of the Twelve were there to hear him, including John who wrote the Gospel of John and spoke of "Jesus bearing his cross", John19:17, enroute to Golgotha. The synoptic gospels all tell of the Cyrenian who carried the cross, and none of them say anything about Jesus carrying it even part way.
Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. 22:39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 22:40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. Matthew 22:37-40 (cp Mk12) But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses. Mark 11:26 And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. Luke 1:38Compare your favorites with mine..OK? compare Gal 4:19 "Let Christ be formed in YOU!" "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life". John 3:16 -- and John is the only Gospel which tells of Jesus entering the boat and they were IMMEDIATELY on the other side.. Jn6:21. Can't you just picture the rooster-tail behind them!
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