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"What think ye of Christ? Whose son is he?
They say unto him, 'The Son of David'. Matt22:42
Son of David


Asked to name the sons of David, most Christians won't know the names or number, but will usually identify Solomon who succeeded David, and Absalom who died trying (hung by his hair), and the scoundrel son who raped his sister.

David's Family Tree

What was so great about being descended from David? Didn't David have many offspring, and some who didn't behave as well as he?

God said "I have found David, son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart". Acts13:22

But wait! Solomon was the son selected by God to build 'the house of God', the Temple. 1Chr22:9.

    Jesus is the son selected by God to build the spiritual House of God. Heb3:6. A temple not made with hands, but with the lively stones, 1Pet2:5, of those who accept Him as their saviour.

The Covenant of David   "Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season; Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne..." Jer33:21. The Covenant of David is what leads to why Jesus is called 'Son of David'.

Jesus wasn’t literally the biological Son of David, but that’s what He’s called in Matthew 1:1, and by several New Testament individuals. Mt9:27, 20:31, etc. It's the name-change figure of speech ANTONOMASIA (an-toe-noe-MAY-sia), as when we call someone by the name of a person notorious for some act or attribute.


"Father David"!!   The angel Gabriel told Mary, Lk1:31, "thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called Son of the Highest and the Lord God shall give him the throne of his father David".

His ‘supposed’ father, Joseph (husband of Mary) is also descended from David through Nathan, as recorded in Luke 3:23.

Matthew vs Luke -- The differences between the genealogy of Matthew and Luke is rooted in two of the sons of King David -- Solomon is the son in the King Line of Matthew, and Nathan is the son in the Priest Line of Luke. They are full-brothers, both born of wife Bathsheba.

Those who mistakenly claim that Matthews "Joseph of Jacob" refers to Mary's husband have kept us from seeing how these two Lines develop in the King-Priests twosome of Revelation, and caused the continuing controversy over the number of generations from Adam to Jesus.

The Book of Ruth concludes with ten generations including the final four leading to David:
from Boaz to Obed to Jesse to David.

Boaz was the son of Rahab & Salmon, and became the husband of Ruth, and father of Obed.

Jesus spoke of this title of “Son of David”, Mt22:43, by referring to Psalm 110:1 and asking how the Lord could be his son.


        “The LORD said unto my Lord (note the capitalized letters in each "lord"), Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.” Ps110:1

     Translation: Jehovah said unto Jesus, Be the ‘son of my right hand’. Here we see the principle of ‘skipping’ generations rather than saying ‘great, great, great, etc. grandson.’ Mary’s DNA bloodline went all the way back to David by way of Solomon, but Jesus’ bloodline came direct from Father God. Modern medicine tells us that the baby’s blood type (or DNA) is determined by the father.

The many wives and sons of David.

WIFE ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Son(s)    

Michal, daughter of Saul, 1Sam18:26

She died childless, 2Sam6:23. Her ‘five sons’ of 2Sam21:8 belonged to Adriel.

Ahinoam, the Jezreelitess 1Chr3:1

Son #1 = Amnon, the rapist, 2Sam13:14

Abigail, the Carmelitess, formerly the wife of Nabal, 1Sam25:3. A wise woman.

Son #2 = Daniel (or Chileab) 1Chr3:1

Maachah, daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur

Son #3 = Absalom - 2Sam18:14-18

Haggith - mother of Adonijah

Son #4 = Adonijah “son of Haggith”

Abital - wife number six, apparently

Son #5 = Shephatiah

Eglah - wife number seven

Son #6 = Ithream “these six were born unto him in Hebron...” 1Chr3:4

Bathsheba (or Bathshua, 1Chr3:5) - wife #8

   In Jerusalem

#7 = Shimea, - #8 = Shobab

#9 = Nathan - #10 = Solomon

Unclear whether the baby that died was included here. Perhaps ‘Shimea’?

#11 = Ibhar - #12 = Elishua

#13 = Eliphelet - #14 = Nogah - 2Sam5:15 

Twenty (20) sons of David, not including those of concubines, and not including his daughter Tamar. 1Chr3:9 or his other sons and daughters.

#15 = Nepheg - #16 = Japhia - 1Chr3:5

#17 = Elishama - #18 = Eliadah   
#19=Eliphelet   #20=Jerimoth, 2Chr11:18




The 4th son of Leah was Judah - Here the 4th son of Bathsheba is Solomon.
Judah had five (5) sons, and David had 4X that many! 4x5=20 sons for David.

[ 19 Generations preceded Abraham, and are skipped in the Matthew-1 Generation Listing. There's enough ambiguity and uncertainty about the exact count, that nineteen sons could be the correct number. ]

Six (6) Sons Born to him in Hebron: 2Sam3:2 - Amnon, Chileab(aka Daniel), Absalom, Adonijah, Shephatiah, Ithream

Two women named Abigail in David’s life: his sister, 1Chr2:16, and one of his wives, 1Sam25:3. -- His daughter and grand-daughter were both named Tamar. 2Sam14:27.

Eleven (11) Sons Born in Jerusalem: 2Sam5:14 Shammuah, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon

plus: Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishamah, Eliadah, Eliphalet.

Three sons are in question: -Eliphelet and Elishamah, because they are listed twice in 1Chr3:5 KJV, depending on which Bible version used. #19-Eliphelet has the same name as #13-Eliphelet, which seems unlikely, and is perhaps another case of a copyist error or a spelling typo. Also, three sons were apparently born somewhere else; other than Hebron or Jerusalem.

"And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David. 2Sam5:13

Four verses of scripture tell us that David ruled seven (7) years in Hebron, and
thirty-three (33) in Jerusalem: 2Sam5:5, 1Kings2:11, 1Chr3:4, 1Chr29:27


Why was Jesus called a "Son of David"?
So WE can be called "Sons of God", and "Seed of Abraham", and Kings and Priests; like David!
Who has YOUR reins?
"As many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God; to them that believe on his name" John 1:12

"And has made us unto our God kings and priests", Rev5:10

Ps18:50 Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.
"Beloved, now are we the sons of God",  1Jn3:2

The multiple wives in the Old Testament are not simply truth concerning the culture of those times, but is also a precept for teaching how the New Testament believers are "wives" in the Body-of-Christ, as well as spiritual virgins who have said "be it unto me according to thy Word" (like Mary did).

The Apostle Paul wrote: "For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ". 2Cor11:2

Solomon was the Son-of-David chosen to build the House-of-God, the magnificent physical Temple.   1Chr22:9.

Jesus is the Son-of-David chosen to build the spiritual (figurative) House-of-God.   Heb3:6. Assuredly, on a firm foundation.

"Christ as a Son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end".   Heb3:6.


Solomon was an OT 'Son of David', and he had many women (700 wives and 300 concubines), and two daughters (1K4), but only one son that we know of: Rehoboam. Jesus is also a 'Son of David', and he's the coming bridegroom. The Holy Spirit is now seeking wives for him, similar to the way the servant of Abraham was sent to fetch a bride for Isaac.

David's Mighty Men

King David had two sisters, Abigail and Zeruiah, and the latter had three sons: Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, 2Sam2:18, who were among his "mighty-men" (different from the Genesis 6:4 mighty-men).

Joab, Benaiah of Jehoida, and David's nephew Abishai seem to be the leadership three, and the three who risked their lives to bring a drink of Bethlehem water to David were Adino, Eleazar, and Shammah. 2Sam23:8-11.

2Sam23:24 KJV spells the "Thirty mighty men" like this:

Asahel1 - Elhanan - Shammah - Elika - Helez - Ira(Ikkesh) - Abiezer - Mebunnai - Zalmon - Maharai - Heleb - Ittai - 2Benaiah(Pira) - Hiddai - Abialbon - Azmaveth - Eliabah - 3Jonathan - Shammah - Ahiam - Eliphelet - Eliam - Hezrai - Paarai - Igal - Bani - Zelek - Naharai - Ira(Ithrite) - Gareb - Uriah

1Nephew of David - 2Not the same Benaiah as who had the name among three mighty men in 2Sam23:22.
3Is this the 'extra' name?   *2 Ira's and 2 Shammah's.

These lists of difficult names are admittedly tiresome and confusing, but sometimes reveal deeper truths. It tells me that God takes note of individuals, including "whosoevers", and since "we wrestle NOT against flesh and blood", Eph6:12, we aren't required to have bulging biceps or magnificent physiques.

Jesus was about 30 when he was baptized, and had a 3 year ministry. Alexander the Great was reportedly 33 yrs. of age when he died in the palace at Babylon. In counting the generations from Adam, David is #33 and Jesus is #66. Now here we read about the thirty and three mighty men of David. The Bible repeatedly records how David reigned 7 years in Hebron and thirty-three (33) in Jerusalem. It's not etched in granite, but to my way of thinking the pattern shows how the number 33 is symbolically David's number.

"This Book of the Law shall not depart out of thy mouth...for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success." Josh1:8.
Jesus said: "If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, you shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you." John15:7
Hallelujah means
"Praise the Lord"
in Hebrew
and David means "Beloved"



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Last modified 5 August 2015 by Bob Smith.