REUBEN - SIMEON - LEVI - JUDAH
DAN - NAPHTALI * GAD - ASHER
ISSACHAR - ZEBULUN - JOSEPH - BENJAMIN
In the order of their birth, beginning in Genesis 29:32, these are the original twelve sons of Jacob -- the namesakes of the twelve families who went down into Egypt and became known as the Twelve (12) Tribes of Israel. Jacob was given the other name of "Israel" after wrestling that epiphany in Gen32:28.
The twelve boys had one sister, Dinah, born after Zebulun and just prior to Joseph:
|Reuben lost out on the firstborn birthright reward and it was given to Joseph instead. 1Chr5:1.|
Rachel's handmaid, Bilhah, produced Dan and Naphtali.
Leah's handmaid, Zilpah, produced Gad and Asher.
Jacob's first intended, Rachel, was barren all the while those first ten siblings
were being born, but following Zebulun's birth she gave birth to her firstborn, Joseph, and afterwards died near Bethlehem giving birth to Benjamin.
But what about the tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim, you ask?
Those were the two sons of Joseph, by his Egyptian wife Asenath, who were integrated, or adopted, into Israel in
Joseph's place. Effectively there were then fourteen "tribes" (by name), but only thirteen groups of families.
Those were the two sons of Joseph, by his Egyptian wife Asenath, who were integrated, or adopted, into Israel in Joseph's place. Effectively there were then fourteen "tribes" (by name), but only thirteen groups of families.
Six of the tribes were
charged to stand upon
Mount Gerizim -- Mountain
of Blessing, Deut27:12
Simeon - Levi - Judah - Issachar - Joseph - Benjamin
Six of the tribes were
charged to stand upon
Mount Ebal -- Mountain of
Reuben - Gad - Asher - Zebulun - Dan - Naphtali
THE MARCHING ORDER
And the Lord spoke unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying:
"Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with
the ensign of his father's house..." Numbers 2:2
Judah (186,400) would pitch camp on the East, and would go
FIRST in breaking camp. With him would be the tribes of
Issachar (54,400) and Zebulun (57,400).
Reuben (46,500) would pitch camp on the South, with Simeon (59,300)
and Gad (45,650). This camp (151,450) would go in the second rank:
Ephraim (40,500) would pitch on the West, with Manasseh (32,200) and Benjamin (35,400). This camp (108,100) would go in the third rank.
Dan (62,700) would pitch on the North, with Asher (41,500) and Naphtali (53,400). This camp numbered 157,600, bringing the total of the four camps to 603,550.
The camp may have included 111,800 Levites, and perhaps others as well. No details of the flags are given in scripture, but some teach they may be as the four faces in Ezekiel 1:10, the lion, ox, man, and eagle; while others say the twelve tribes may have flown flags representing the twelve signs of the Zodiac.
About four(4) faces: Judah began as one individual who grew to become a family and Tribe of Judah, and then the Southern Kingdom, and finally came to represent the entire Jewish religion and nation.The number "12" fits a pattern of entirety: tribes, zodiac(Heb.mazzaroth)
The 'Dukes of Edom' in the genealogy of Esau are a study in contrast to the Tribes of Jacob.
The first three kings of Israel (Saul, David, Solomon) reigned over ALL the tribes, but after Solomon's reign their kingdom divided: ten of the tribes went North as the Kingdom of Israel, and two of the tribes, Judah and Benjamin, went South as the Kingdom of Judah.
Reuben - means "Seeing". Mother: Leah. |
Simeon - means "Hearing" 2nd born of Leah. |
Levi - means "Joined". 3rd born of Leah. |
Judah - means "Praise" 4th born of Leah. |
|Dan - "God is judge". 1st born of Bilhah. Type of Judas or the anti-christ? Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path.." Gen49:17, also Amos8:14. Missing from the Rev 144,000. (This was Samson's tribe).|
Naphtali - means "Wrestling" 2nd born of Bilhah, a 'hind' too |
Gad - means "A troop comes". 1st born of Zilpah. |
Asher - means "Blessed" 2nd born of Zilpah. |
Issachar - means "Wages". 5th born of Leah. |
Zebulun - means "Dwelling with husband" 6th born of Leah. |
Joseph - means "The Lord will add a son". 1st born of Rachel. |
Benjamin - means "Son of the right hand" 2nd born of Rachel. |
Manasseh - means "To forget my toil and my father's house". 1st born son of Joseph. This was Gideon's tribe. |
Ephraim - means "Fruitful" 2nd son of Joseph. |
|The 7th chapter of the Book of Revelation lists the 12,000 each of the twelve tribes of: Juda, Reuben, Gad, Aser, Nepthalim, Manasses, Simeon, Levi, Issachar, Zabulon, Joseph, Benjamin. Some spelling is different, and note that both Joseph and Manasses are included, but NOT Dan and Ephraim.|
Exodus 28:21 speaks of the "precious" twelve stones, representing each of the twelve tribes.Sardius,topaz,carbuncle / emerald,sapphire,diamond ligure,agate,amethyst / beryl,onyx,jasper
Grouped in a 6-6 configuration on the High Priest's breastplate, and spelled out in four rows of three. KJV spelling.
Revelation 21:19 lists the twelve foundations of New Jerusalem, and the gems aren't all the same or in the same order as in Exodus, but let us remember how spelling in Greek differs from Hebrew which reads from right to left, and omits vowels.Jasper,sapphire,chalcedony / emerald,sardonyx,sardius chrysolite,beryl,topaz / chrysoprasus,jacinth,amethyst
We note that the emerald is the only gem in the same relative position, but still listed are the jasper, sapphire, sardius, beryl, topaz, and amethyst. The jasper,"clear as crystal" Rev21:11, is thought by some to be a diamond (With a new name?) but both of them are included in the Ezekiel list.
"Thou hast been in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering: the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle... |
The principal thing, according to Prov4:7. The pearl is another precious gem which is named in Scripture, but doesn't represent just one of the twelve tribes. It's different from a geologic stone, and Jesus spoke of not casting your pearls to the swine, Mt7:6.
Which is why I'm convinced the Revelation pearls, which were also the 12 gates, is speaking of "Pearls of Wisdom". Figuratively it's the pearl necklace which represents ALL twelve of the tribes, rather than just one. Rev21:21. It's the Figure of Speech 'synecdoche'.
Joshua 4:8 speaks plainly of the twelve stones taken from the River Jordan: one stone for each tribe, adding up to one memorial. Clearly, the Holy Ghostwriter is giving us precepts for the symbolical truth of how we are "lively stones", 1Pet2:5, and how God and Jesus can be spoken of as "Rocks" or a "cornerstone".
"Ye also, as lively stones are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ". 1Pet2:5
|JEWEL THIEF! We know how the Bible tells us Jesus will be returning "as a thief in the night", and of how the Book of Malachi 3:17 says "they shall be mine, saith the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him". So don't we all want to be vessels of honor or precious stones in His sight?|
We don't see the Tribe of Joseph here, because he received the double-portion (instead of Reuben), and so his two sons, Manasseh & Ephraim, were made 'tribes' in his stead. 1Chr5:1.
The "inheritance" is spoken of about twenty times in the New Testament: "To an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you".1Pet1:4
|Gen49:28 - "All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing". The prophecy, he told them, was for "the last days". Gen49:1.|
|Reuben - "Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power; Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defilest thou it: he went up to my couch".|
Simeon & Levi - "Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitation. O my soul, come not thou into their
secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. |
Judah - "Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise. Thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow
down before thee. |
|Zebulun - "Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidon".|
|Issachar - "Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: and he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute".|
Dan - "Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. |
|Gad - "A troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last."|
|Asher - "Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties."|
|Naphtali - "Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words."|
Joseph - "Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall: |
|Benjamin - "Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil."|
|Gen49:28 - "All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them".|
SPIES! When Joseph's ten brothers journeyed to Egypt in search of bread, Joseph pretended not to know them, and accused them of being spies. Now today in the 21st century we become "spies" whenever we read and examine the Bible in search of
Truth (God's Bread).
SPIES! When Joseph's ten brothers journeyed to Egypt in search of bread, Joseph pretended not to know them, and accused them of being spies. Now today in the 21st century we become "spies" whenever we read and examine the Bible in search of Truth (God's Bread).